A replica Viking Galley ablaze during Up Helly Aa

All about Up Helly Aa

In January, one of the darkest months of winter in Shetland, fires are lit to celebrate the islands heritage. Up Helly Aa is the biggest event in Shetland, and is one of the most compelling reasons to visit Shetland.
Accommodation and travel are booked up fast – so if you’re lucky enough to find space for Up Helly Aa – book as soon as you can!

The replica viking longship for Up Helly Aa in Shetland

The History of Up Helly Aa

The festival itself is relatively new – and grew from older Yuletide and New Year festivities, when young men beat drums, blew horns, fired guns, shouted and caused mischief on Old Christmas Eve. In 1840 tar barrels were introduced into the proceedings – and were dragged (on fire) on sledges through the town by squads of masked young men. Tar barrelling was abolished – but only really stopped when the young men of Lerwick had grown tired of it.

Change came around 1870, when a group of young men injected new ideas into the proceedings – delaying the celebration until late January, introducing a far more elaborate form of disguise – “guizing” and incorporating a torchlight procession. The Up Helly Aa “bill” displayed at the Market Cross was introduced and it poked fun at the pompous – sometimes driving the victims to fury. Later on Viking themes were introduced and in the late 1880s the replica Viking Longship was introduced into Up Helly Aa.

The Jarl Squad pose for photos

Since the Second World War, Up Helly Aa has become a much bigger festival, which is efficiently coordinated throughout the year. Previously, individuals kept open house to welcome the guizers on Up Helly Aa night, now large Halls throughout Lerwick (including Holmsgarth Terminal) are opened to entertain them.

The Guizer Jarl, Up Helly Aa, Shetland

What happens on the day

Up Helly Aa takes place on the final Tuesday of January, this year on Tuesday 28th January 2020. The day involves a series of marches and visitations and in the evening is the most famous part – the torch-lit procession. At 7.30pm, a signal rocket explodes in the sky above the town hall, torches (stout fencing posts, topped with paraffin-soaked sacking) are lit, the band begins to play and a blazing procession begins, snaking half a mile behind the Guizar Jarl – who stands upon his replica Longship.

The Jarl Squad sing the Up Helly Aa song

The Galley is dragged by the Jarl’s Squad to the burning site (at other times of the year, a children’s playground) through a crowd of five thousand spectators, and then the torchbearers form a circle round the Longship and sing the traditional Up Helly Aa song (lyrics can be found at the bottom of the page). Another rocket is fired and the Jarl leaves the ship. A bugle call sounds, and the torches are hurled into the galley. The sight of the galley ablaze is amazing – but the night does not end there. Later on and well into the next morning there follows hours of performing and dancing in halls throughout Lerwick. Various Squads of men visit each hall and perform a piece. In Holmsgarth Terminal, visitors arriving from the NorthLink Ferry the next morning will arrive to a party still in full swing!

The galley set ablaze during Lerwick Up Helly Aa

Other Shetland Fire Festivals

There are other Fire Festivals throughout Shetland during the winter – and in the other fire festivals women can participate as torch-bearers and guizers, unlike in Lerwick. Scalloway Fire Festival, held earlier in January, is unique in that the Galley is burnt whilst floating on the sea.

Dates for all Shetland Fire festivals are as follows –

  • Scalloway Fire Festival – Friday 10th January 2020 (second Friday of January)
  • Lerwick Up Helly Aa – Tuesday 28th January 2020 (Last Tuesday of January)
  • Lerwick Junior Up Helly Aa – Tuesday 28th January 2020 (Last Tuesday of January)
  • Nesting & Girlsta Up Helly Aa – Friday 7th February 2020 (10 days after Lerwick festival)
  • Uyeasound Up Helly Aa – Friday 14th February 2020 (Usually Second Friday of February)
  • Northmavine Up Helly Aa – Friday 21st February 2020 (Third Friday of February)
  • Norwick Up Helly Aa – Saturday 22nd February 2020 (Third Saturday of February)
  • Bressay Up Helly Aa – Friday 28th February 2020 (Last Friday of February)
  • Cullivoe Up Helly Aa – Friday 28th February 2020 (Last Friday of February)
  • South Mainland Up Helly Aa – Friday 13th March 2020 (Second Friday of March)
  • Walls Junior Up Helly Aa – Saturday 14th March 2020 (Second Saturday of March)
  • Delting Up Helly Aa – Friday 20th March 2020 (Third Friday of March)

If you don’t manage to see any of the Fire Festivals, there is an Up Helly Aa Exhibition in the Galley shed in Lerwick from mid-May until mid-September.

The Up Helly-Aa Song

  • From grand old Viking centuries Up-Helly-A’ has come,
    Then light the torch and form the march, and sound the rolling drum:
    And wake the mighty memories of heroes that are dumb;
    The waves are rolling on.
  • Chorus: Grand old Vikings ruled upon the ocean vast,
    Their brave battle-songs still thunder on the blast;
    Their wild war-cry comes a-ringing from the past;
    We answer it “A-oi”!
    Roll their glory down the ages,
    Sons of warriors and sages,
    When the fight for Freedom rages,
    Be bold and strong as they!
  • Of yore, our firey fathers sped upon the Viking Path;
    Of yore, their dreaded dragons braved the ocean in its wrath;
    And we, their sons, are reaping now their glory’s aftermath;
    The waves are rolling on.
  • Chorus
  • In distant lands, their raven-flag flew like a blazing star;
    And foreign foemen, trembling, heard their battle-cry afar;
    And they thundered o’er the quaking earth, those mighty men of war;
    The waves are rolling on.
  • Chorus
  • On distant seas, their dragon-prows went gleaming outward bound,
    The storm-clouds were their banners, and their music ocean’s sound;
    And we, their sons, go sailing still the wide earth round and round;
    The waves are rolling on.
  • Chorus
  • No more Thor’s lurid Hammer flames against the northern sky;
    No more from Odin’s shining halls the dark valkyrior fly;
    Before the Light the heathen Night went slowly rolling by;
    The waves are rolling on.
  • Chorus
  • We are the sons of mightly sires, whose souls were staunch and strong;
    We sweep upon our serried foes, the hosts of Hate and Wrong;
    The glory of a grander Age has fired our battle-song;
    The waves are rolling on.
  • Chorus
  • Our galley is the People’s Right, the dragon of the free;
    The Right that rising in its might, brings tyrants to their knee;
    The flag that flies above us is the Love of Liberty;
    The waves are rolling on.
Magnus DixonBy Magnus Dixon
Orkney and Shetland enthusiast, family man, loves walks, likes animals, terrible at sports, dire taste in music, great taste in films and tv, eats a little too much for his own good.
Share this page
Print this Page
View more articles about the Shetland Islands

More like this:

Fascinating facts about Muckle Flugga Lighthouse

Fascinating facts about Muckle Flugga Lighthouse

Muckle Flugga Lighthouse is Britain’s most northerly lighthouse which stands precariously on a series of sharp rocks jutting out of the sea off the coast of Unst, Shetland. The lighthouse was built in 1854, and was manned by three keepers. Read on for a history of Muckle Flugga Lighthouse and an insight into the tough lives of the men who kept the light shining!

Island in Focus – Out Skerries

Island in Focus – Out Skerries

The Out Skerries are the most easterly islands of Shetland and are located approximately 24 miles from Shetland’s capital, Lerwick. They are made up of three small islands (Bruray, Housay and Grunay) and several skerries. Out Skerries is known for its rugged scenery, incredible cliff views and wildlife. It is also famous for the shipwrecks dotted around its coastline and for sightings of rare birds.

Shetland Fudge Company: Delicious treats from the islands

Shetland Fudge Company: Delicious treats from the islands

The Shetland Fudge Company is a premium bespoke chocolate company with a huge range of confectionery including fudge, truffles, tablet, Puffin Poo, preserves and gourmet mallow which has been made entirely by hand. From having 3 employees and one ‘peerie’ kitchen when they started this venture, they now have two premises within Lerwick town centre and employ 13 staff members. We caught up with Nicola and Magnus to find out more about the business!